DURHAM: Durham Region Health Department has started West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance and control activities for the 2017 season. WNV is a mosquito-borne disease that is spread to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected by feeding on the blood of birds that carry the virus. The disease is not passed from person to person or from bird to person.
WNV has been found in birds, mosquitoes, horses and humans in Ontario since 2001. In 2016, the Public Health Agency of Canada reported 46 cases of the virus in Ontario, compared to 33 in 2015. Durham Region reported one confirmed and one probable human case of WNV in 2015 and 2016, respectively.
The Health Department has routinely trapped adult mosquitoes as part of its ongoing WNV surveillance activities. In 2016, 10 of the mosquito pools that were trapped tested positive for WNV, compared to no positive mosquitoes trapped in 2015. In addition, as part of seasonal WNV monitoring activities, the Health Department also uses indicators, such as adult and larval mosquito surveillance to determine the risk of WNV for area residents. “Mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water,” explained Ross MacEachern, Manager, Environmental Health with the Health Department. “As a result, area residents are reminded to remove or cover any standing water around their homes to help reduce the development of mosquito larvae.”
The Health Department recommends the following specific steps to help minimize potential breeding sites for mosquitoes: Chlorinate rain barrels or cover them with mosquito screening; drain water from areas such as pools and chair covers, and also from containers such as ceramic pots, wading pools, bird baths, planters, etc.; check that roof gutters are cleared and draining properly; clean and properly maintain swimming pools and outdoor hot tubs; remove all unused tires from your property; and ensure that drainage ditches are not backed up.
To help reduce the possibility of being exposed to WNV, residents are also encouraged to take the following precautions: Wear shoes, socks and light-coloured clothing with long sleeves and full-length pants when outside, especially overnight, between dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes are most active; use insect repellent containing DEET on exposed skin, following Health Canada’s safety tips on using personal insect repellents. More information on using insect repellents containing DEET can be
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